In the Quran, Qirat means the method of reading the Holy Quran with proper recitation. There are ten Qirat the Qurans provided by the famous Muslim authority chain holders. Each of these chains has been derived from a famous Rawi, meaning the one who reads it and authenticates it. It is important that you first understand these Qirat and then participate in the learning of the Quran. In this post, we have shared a detailed knowledge of Qirat-e-Quran.
What are the best Qirat of the Quran?
Let’s break this down in the simplest way possible. The Qirat means the pronunciation of a certain word. The Qirat-e-Quran means the pronunciation or recitation of the Holy Book. There are ten different schools of Qirat that you can follow. It’s not like a different voice or reading style, rather it’s a difference of Harakat, letter, and pronunciation. Each one of these Qirat is derived from a notable reciter or Qari in Islamic wording.
In a more generic approach, think of the English language. There is a lot of nation that uses this language as their natives, but they’re all change in terms of pronunciation. The language used in the United Kingdom is more formal than the language used in America. The language is the same, but the way they are reading and describing it is different. With this, you’ll have a much better understanding of how things work.
The Tribes of Arabian
In the time of the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), there were many languages and various ways of pronouncing words of speaking the Arabic Language. In fact, the Arabic language that is common in most Gulf countries was different compared to the one back then. Within the Qirat, two categories are important to understand.
- Mutawair – The transmission with an independent chain of authority
- Mashhur – Slightly less wide in transmission
Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said, “Jibreel recited the Quran to me in one harf (manner), and I recited it back to him, but I requested him to increase (the number of harf) and he continued to increase it for me until we stopped at seven ahruf.” IbnShihaabaz-Zuhree (d. 124 A.H.)
So this is the origin of the Qirat in Quran and it all goes back to the times of Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him).
Names of the ten Qirat Quran
Now that we’ve understood the origin, let’s cover the best Qirat of the Quran.
- Naafi’ Al-Madani (Madinah): Recited by Imam Malik (R.A)
- IbnKatheer Al-Makki (Makkah): Recited by Imam Shafi
- Abu Amr Al-Basri (Basra): Preserved by Ad-Soosi and Ad-Doori
- IbnAamir Ash-Shami (Syria): Recited by IbnZakwan and Hishaam
- Asim al-Kufi (Kofah): Recited by Imaan Abu Hanifa (R.A), Preserved by Shuba and Hafs
- Hamzah Al-Kufi (Kofah): Preserved by Khalaf and Khallad
- Al-Kissa’i: Preserved by Ad-Doori and Al-Layth
- Abu Ja’far Al-Madanee (Madinah): Preserved by Sulayman and Isa
- Yaqub ibn Al-Basri (Basra): Recited by Rooh and Ruways
- Khalaf: Recited by Idris and Ishaq